About Costa Rica
About Costa Rica
Costa Rica is a small country but the diversity of climates and their impact on coffee production is more important that you would expect. In general, flowering was really good and homogenous last year therefore the entire volume (at one given area) was harvested within a couple of weeks. Which made it tense in terms of space and labour in the farms and mills. However, the summer (harvest time) which is normally very dry has been a little wet which has impacted a lot the harvest rounds and the process of the coffee. A drought earlier in the year has impacted the volume of the crop. But although the volume is lower this year, the quality is really nice.
The West Valley is under influence of the Pacific and therefore dryer than the Central Valley. In 2015 the hurricane Nate destroyed the Pacific coast and had a lot of impact on the coffee areas as well. This year again, our El Perezoso lots are coming from Coopro Naranjo located in the west Valley. This coop counts 2,000 members. They offer a micro lot program since 2006 that 43 producers have joined. They expected 1,000 fanegas of cherries for that program this year. They receive agronomy and processes training and support. They then need to fulfil the requirements of the Coop for their coffee to be considered as Micro Lot. Producers get an advance of Colones 110,000 in cash for their Micro lots. These coffees are delivered directly to the coop, the other coffees (blends, commercial quality) is delivered in one of the 47 receiving centers. Most of it is delivered in cherries. The range of producers they are working with is quite big and diverse. The town mayor appears to be really good with the community and has invested a lot of money in infrastructures and community goods so it is now easier to bring the coffee to the mill (roads are much better)They expected to receive 48,000 fanegas this year from the 2,000 members. Because of the rain when the flowers were out the commercial coffee yield has been really low this year, however, they have seen good yield and good quality for the specialty grades.
The region is structured by ‘Lomas’ which are hills. Another of the coop programs is called Las Lomas program and gathers specialty quality beans to create regional tailor-made lots for customers. Los Robles lots are from the same program. Los Robles being one of the numerous hills. At the Coop, the Micro lots and the Loma lots are dried on African beds. Yellow honeys are transported in water to the table (reason why they are classified as yellow honeys according to the coop standards). The lots are not moved during the first night and then moved every 20 min. It takes 10 to 12 days to dry the honeys and 18 for the naturals. This year, cherries are full of mucilage and many honeys have been made to take advantage of it 3 lots are available this year: washed, honey and natural.